January 12, 2022

Episode 11 - Who Toots?

Welcome to the first episode of season two of Stump the Librarian! Join Courtnei and Emily, with a little help from Jill, as they tackle three questions in this episode. Why is New York called the Big Apple? How did black pepper become such a popular spice? Are there any animals that can’t fart? Do bats?? We would love to answer your questions too! Email us at stumpthelibrarian@kdl.org. We’d love to hear from you!  

Don’t forget to subscribe to our podcast via stumpthelibrarian.podbean.com/ or wherever you get your podcasts so you never miss an episode! While you are waiting for the next episode, check out season 1 of Stump the Librarian or submit a question of your own at kdl.org/stump. 
 

Interested in learning and exploring more about this episode's curious questions?  You can always use any of the databases KDL has to offer with your library card. Just go to kdl.org/online-resources/ to find the best database for more information on the answer to your question. And don’t forget the books! Our catalog is full of amazing books that are filled with fascinating information. Just visit kdl.bibliocommons.com/ to search for your next great nonfiction (or fiction) read!  

Concerning the Big Apple... 

https://www.amazon.com/Origin-York-Citys-Nickname-Apple%C2%BB/dp/3631437870 

https://www.newspapers.com/clip/32902732/photo-of-john-j-fitz-gerald-of-the-new/ 

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-7914753/Historian-traces-origin-New-York-Citys-nickname-Big-Apple-100-years-1920.html 

https://www.travelawaits.com/2657319/why-new-york-is-called-the-big-apple-and-other-city-nicknames/ 

Whitey's Lindy Hoppers 1939 (The Big Apple) 

 

Concerning Black Pepper... 

https://www.worldhistory.org/Pepper/ 

https://www.britannica.com/plant/black-pepper-plant 

 

Concerning Farts... 

Rabaiotti, D., & Caruso, N. (2018). Does it fart?: The Definitive Field Guide to Animal Flatulence. QUERCUS Publishing. https://kdl.bibliocommons.com/v2/record/S174C857354 

https://www.vox.com/science-and-health/2018/4/3/17188186/does-it-fart-book-animal-farts-dinosaur-farts 

https://kidshealth.org/en/kids/fart.html 

December 20, 2021

The Minisode - All About KDL

Hello Friends and Listeners!! Your friendly neighborhood librarians are back with a quick episode to answer some questions about our library system, Kent District Library. If you’ve ever wondered how many books KDL has or how we came to be Kent District Library, take a listen! We will return on January 12th to answer more questions aimed to stump us. Don’t forget if you have a question you’d like us to find an answer for (or one you don’t think there is an answer for) you can submit it via our webpage at kdl.org/stump OR email us directly at stumpthelibrarian@kdl.org 

 

Concerning KDL... 

https://www.experiencegr.com/listing/kent-district-library/6389/ 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kent_District_Library 

And our brains and emails to our colleagues :) 

Well friends you’ve made it to the last episode of the first season of Stump the Librarian! Join Courtnei and Emily, with a little help from Jill, in this episode as they tackle three questions that may or may not have us a little stumped (but not for lack of trying). Tune in to hear how robots work, what the scientific process is, and just how fast the universe is expanding (if at all). If you have any questions about the questions answered you can email us at stumpthelibrarian@kdl.org. We’d love to hear from you! 

If this is your first episode of Stump the Librarian, don’t you worry, our friendly neighborhood librarians will be back in January answering your inquisitive questions every other Wednesday. In the meantime, you can listen to our previous nine episodes and see if it’s possible to stump a librarian! And while you're at it you can submit a question via kdl.org/stump for our next season! We would love to hear what questions are on your mind. Don’t forget to subscribe to our podcast via stumpthelibrarian.podbean.com/ or wherever you prefer to listen, so you never miss an episode. 

Interested in learning and exploring more about this episode's curious questions?  You can always use any of the databases KDL has to offer with your library card. Just go to kdl.org/online-resources/ to find the best database for more information on the answer to your question. And don’t forget the books! Our catalog is full of amazing books that are filled with fascinating information. Just visit kdl.bibliocommons.com/ to search for your next great nonfiction (or fiction) read! 

Thanks for a great first season of podcasting! You’ll hear us again in 2022! :) 

Concerning Robots... 

https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/robotic-surgery/about/pac-20394974 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_robots 

How Engineering Robots Works: Crash Course Engineering #33 

A Brief History of Robotics 

 

Concerning Science... 

Think Like A Scientist - Blazer Fresh | The Scientific Method | GoNoodle 

Scientific Method BrainPOP 

 

Concerning the Universe... 

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2021/03/210308165239.htm 

https://wmap.gsfc.nasa.gov/universe/uni_expansion.html 

https://www.livescience.com/hubble-constant-crisis-deepens.html 

https://www.livescience.com/hubble-constant.html 

https://www.esa.int/kids/en/learn/Our_Universe/Stars_and_galaxies/The_Milky_Way 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ztrfmn-GtCM 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VYxYuaDvdM0&list=PL8dPuuaLjXtN0ge7yDk_UA0ldZJdhwkoV&index=47 

 

Join your friendly neighborhood librarians Courtnei, Emily, and Jill as we answer these extra interesting questions. So grab a nice hot beverage and sit back to listen to our latest episode where we answer these hard-hitting questions: How do they move houses from place to place? What happens when a tick is full? What makes a mammal a mammal if whale sharks can have live births? If you have any questions about the questions answered you can email us at stumpthelibrarian@kdl.org. We’d love to hear from you! 

Join our librarians every other Wednesday as we try to answer your inquisitive questions and see if it’s possible to stump a librarian! You can submit a question via http://kdl.org/stump. We would love to hear what questions are on your mind! Don’t forget to subscribe to our podcast via https://stumpthelibrarian.podbean.com/ or wherever you prefer to listen, so you never miss an episode. 

Interested in learning and exploring more about this episode's curious questions?  You can always use any of the databases KDL has to offer with your library card. Just go to https://kdl.org/online-resources/ to find the best database for more information on the answer to your question. And don’t forget the books! Our catalog is full of amazing books that are filled with fascinating information. Just visit https://kdl.bibliocommons.com/ to search for your next great nonfiction (or fiction) read! 

 

Concerning House Moving... 

https://www.seattletimes.com/business/real-estate/moving-a-house-can-sometimes-be-the-practical-way-to-go/#:~:text=Moving%20a%20house%20is%2C%20in,support%20beams%20can%20be%20inserted. 

https://home.howstuffworks.com/real-estate/moving-tips/house-moving3.htm 

 

Concerning Ticks... 

https://www.cdc.gov/ticks/gallery/index.html#anchor_1592237795036 

https://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/tick/72399 

https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/18/7/11-1777_article 

https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1807.111777. 

https://www.podbean.com/media/share/dir-bb8ve-6bef72a?utm_campaign=w_share_ep&utm_medium=dlink&utm_source=w_share 

 

Concerning Mammals & Sharks... 

https://www.britannica.com/animal/mamm 

https://kids.britannica.com/kids/article/mammal/353414 

https://australian.museum/learn/species-identification/ask-an-expert/what-is-a-mammal/ 

https://kids.nationalgeographic.com/animals/fish/facts/hammerhead-shark 

https://www.calacademy.org/explore-science/live-fish-births 

https://www.nhm.ac.uk/discover/do-sharks-lay-eggs.html 

https://www.sharktrust.org/shark-reproduction 

 

 

 

Your friendly neighborhood librarians are back at it, answering questions from listeners, like you, in episode 8 – Sand, Secrets and the Osage territory. As always, we are answering a wide array of questions, so sit back and enjoy an ice cold pop while you learn the answers to these pressing questions: “How did all the sand get in the desert?” and, “What's the secret ingredient in Coca Cola?” and lastly, “Is Little House on the Prairie true? Who invented the book?” 

Check out this link to a 1950’s tv show called Coke Time, referenced by Emily in the podcast. 

Join us for a new episode every other Wednesday to see if listeners were able to stump the librarian and learn some rather interesting information! You can submit a question of your own via http://kdl.org/stump. Don’t forget to subscribe to Stump the Librarian via https://stumpthelibrarian.podbean.com/ or wherever you prefer to listen to podcasts, so you never miss an episode. You can also reach our librarians with your questions or fan mail by email at Stumpthelibrarian@kdl.org. 

Interested in learning and exploring more about this episode's curious questions?  You can always use any of the databases KDL has to offer with your library card. Just go to https://kdl.org/online-resources/ to find the best database for more information on the answer to your question. Oh, and don’t forget the books! Our catalog is full of amazing books that are filled with fascinating information. Just visit https://kdl.bibliocommons.com/ to search for your next great nonfiction read! 

 

Concerning Laura Ingalls Wilder... 

Britannica School High – Laura Ingalls Wilder 

PBS American Masters – 8 Interesting facts about Laura Ingalls Wilder 

Book Riot – 10 Middle Grade Books about the Pioneer Era (That Aren’t Little House on the Prairie) 

 

Concerning all the sand in the desert...  

Britannica School Middle - desert 

Britannica – How do deserts form? 

EarthSky – How did sand get in the desert? 

Highlights Kids – If sand is formed in oceans, how do deserts get so sandy? 

 

Concerning Coca Colas secret ingredient... 

This American Life – Original Recipe 

Time – Is this the real thing? Coca-Cola secret formula ‘discovered’ 

For God, Country, and Coca-Cola – Mark Pendergrast, KDL Book Link 

1953 – Coke Time Episode 

Your friendly neighborhood librarians are back at it, answering questions from listeners, like you, in episode 7 – The Origin of Underwear in Space. As you might be able to guess from the title our librarians are answering a wide range of questions, so get ready to listen and learn some interesting information! We tackle the origin of the Earth, investigate who invented underwear, and wonder if birds can really fly in space.  

Join us for a new episode every other Wednesday to see if listeners were able to stump the librarian and learn some rather interesting information! You can submit a question of your own via http://kdl.org/stump. Don’t forget to subscribe to Stump the Librarian via https://stumpthelibrarian.podbean.com/ or wherever you prefer to listen to podcasts, so you never miss an episode. You can also reach our librarians with your questions or fan mail by email at Stumpthelibrarian@kdl.org. 

Interested in learning and exploring more about this episode's curious questions?  You can always use any of the databases KDL has to offer with your library card. Just go to https://kdl.org/online-resources/ to find the best database for more information on the answer to your question. Oh, and don’t forget the books! Our catalog is full of amazing books that are filled with fascinating information. Just visit https://kdl.bibliocommons.com/ to search for your next great nonfiction read! 

 

Concerning the Origin of Earth... 

Greshko, M. (2021, May 3). The origins of the universe, explained. Science. Retrieved October 5, 2021, from https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/article/origins-of-the-universe. 

Khan Academy. (n.d.). Activity: Intro to origin stories (article). Khan Academy. Retrieved October 5, 2021, from https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/big-history-project/what-is-big-history/origin-stories/a/activity-intro-to-origin-stories1. 

NASA. (2021, July 19). In depth: Earth. NASA. Retrieved October 5, 2021, from https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/earth/in-depth/#otp_formation. 

SciShow Kids. (2018). Where did Earth come from? Retrieved October 5, 2021, from https://youtu.be/i42otfB4xBk. 

Skinner, A. (n.d.). Potawatomi Oral Tradition. Milwaukee Public Museum. Retrieved October 6, 2021, from http://www.mpm.edu/content/wirp/ICW-137. 

 

Concerning Underwear... 

Kyi, T. L. (2013). 50 Underwear questions. Annick Press. 

South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology. (2016). Clothing. Museo Archeologico dell'Alto Adige. Retrieved October 5, 2021, from https://www.iceman.it/en/clothing/. 

Swain, R. F., & O'Brien, J. (2008). Underwear: What we wear under there. Holiday House. 

 

Concerning Birds in Space... 

BirdNote. (2021, May 17). How high birds fly I. BirdNote. Retrieved October 5, 2021, from https://www.birdnote.org/listen/shows/how-high-birds-fly-i. 

Cornell University. (2012, November 8). How do birds fly? Celebrate Urban Birds. Retrieved October 5, 2021, from https://celebrateurbanbirds.org/faq/how-do-birds-fly/. 

Doc, T. (n.d.). How Far Can Birds Fly Without Needing to Land? Famous Scientists. Retrieved October 5, 2021, from https://www.famousscientists.org/how-far-can-birds-fly-without-needing-to-land/. 

Howell, E. (2017, June 8). What is space? Space.com. Retrieved October 5, 2021, from https://www.space.com/24870-what-is-space.html. 

Leonard, P. (2017, April 27). Flying on fumes: How birds meet their oxygen demands at high altitude. All About Birds. Retrieved October 5, 2021, from https://www.allaboutbirds.org/news/flying-on-fumes-how-birds-meet-their-oxygen-demands-at-high-altitude/. 

Matthews, R. (n.d.). Could a bird fly in space if provided with oxygen? BBC Science Focus Magazine. Retrieved October 5, 2021, from https://www.sciencefocus.com/space/could-a-bird-fly-in-space-if-provided-with-oxygen/. 

Nag, O. S. (2017, April 25). Highest flying birds. WorldAtlas. Retrieved October 5, 2021, from https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/highest-flying-birds.html. 

Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. (2016, June 3). Has any type of bird ever flown into space? How Things Fly. Retrieved October 5, 2021, from https://howthingsfly.si.edu/ask-an-explainer/has-any-type-bird-ever-flown-space. 

 

Your friendly neighborhood librarians are back with a brand new episode answering some rather interesting questions. In this episode, we explore how well water filters filter out different parasites and bacteria, why Meowth (a Scratch Cat Pokemon) can speak in English, and just how strong a lion’s bite is.  

Join us for a new episode every other Wednesday to see if listeners were able to stump the librarian and learn some rather interesting information! You can submit a question of your own via http://kdl.org/stump. Don’t forget to subscribe to Stump the Librarian via https://stumpthelibrarian.podbean.com/ or wherever you prefer to listen to podcasts, so you never miss an episode. You can also reach us with your questions or fan mail by email at Stumpthelibrarian@kdl.org. 

Interested in learning and exploring more about this episode's curious questions?  You can always use any of the databases KDL has to offer with your library card. Just go to https://kdl.org/online-resources/ to find the best database for more information on the answer to your question. Oh, and don’t forget the books! Our catalog is full of amazing books that are filled with fascinating information. Just visit https://kdl.bibliocommons.com/ to search for your next great nonfiction read! 

 

Concerning the Scratch Cat Meowth... 

The Pokemon Company. (n.d.). Meowth: Pokédex: More at Pokemon.com. Pokemon. Retrieved September 20, 2021, from https://www.pokemon.com/us/pokedex/meowth\. 

Shudo, T. (Writer), Sakai, H. (Animation Director), & Suzuki, T. (Assistant Director). (1998, November 12). Go West Young Meowth (Season 1, Episode 70) [TV series episode]. Pokémon: Indigo LeagueTV Tokyo. 

Takegami, J. (Writer), Iwane, M. (Animation Director), & Asada, Y. (Assistant Director). (1999, May 31). Meowth Rules! (Season 2, Episode 98) [TV series episode].  Pokémon: Adventures in the Orange Islands. TV Tokyo. 

 

Concerning water bottle filters... 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015, April 3). A guide to water filters. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved September 21, 2021, from https://www.cdc.gov/parasites/crypto/gen_info/filters.html. 

Johnson, A. (2020, June 25). Ultimate Guide to Maroon Bells in Colorado. Day Hikes Near Denver. Retrieved September 21, 2021, from https://dayhikesneardenver.com/maroon-bells-colorado/. 

MacKenzie, G., & McCarty, M. (n.d.). How to choose a water filter or purifier. Choosing a Backpacking Water Filter | REI Co-op. Retrieved September 20, 2021, from https://www.rei.com/learn/expert-advice/water-treatment-backcountry.html. 

Johnson, A., & *, N. (2020, June 25). Ultimate Guide to Maroon Bells in Colorado. Day Hikes Near Denver. Retrieved August 10, 2021, from https://dayhikesneardenver.com/maroon-bells-colorado/. 

 

Concerning the bite of a lion... 

Handwerk, B. (2021, May 4). Crocodiles have strongest bite ever measured, hands-on tests show. Animals. Retrieved September 20, 2021, from https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/article/120315-crocodiles-bite-force-erickson-science-plos-one-strongest. 

Hill, S. (2019, August 23). 10 most powerful animal bites on the planet. Popular Science. Retrieved September 20, 2021, from https://www.popsci.com/10-most-powerful-animal-bites-on-planet/. 

Immediate Media Company Limited. (n.d.). Top 10: Which animals have the strongest bite? BBC Science Focus Magazine. Retrieved September 20, 2021, from https://www.sciencefocus.com/nature/top-10-which-animals-have-the-strongest-bite/. 

Learish, J. (2018, October 20). The 20 deadliest animals on Earth, ranked (warning: Graphic images). CBS News. Retrieved September 20, 2021, from https://www.cbsnews.com/pictures/the-20-deadliest-animals-on-earth-ranked/. 

National Geographic Kids. (n.d.). Lion. Animals. Retrieved September 20, 2021, from https://kids.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/facts/lion. 

Pariona, A. (2020, April 28). What animals kill the most humans each year? WorldAtlas. Retrieved September 20, 2021, from https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/the-animals-that-kill-most-humans.html. 

WWF. (n.d.). Top 10 facts about lions. WWF. Retrieved September 20, 2021, from https://www.wwf.org.uk/learn/fascinating-facts/lions. 

 

September 8, 2021

Episode 5 - What a Jam

The librarians are back with an episode of questions all over the board! We have two delightful questions, “What are the triangles on the power lines?” and “What kind of fish have lungs and gills?” and one delicious question, “What is the difference between jams and jellies?” Join us for episode 5 and every other Wednesday morning to see if the librarians were stumped and learn some neat information along the way! You can submit your own stumper of a question or any question you might have to http://kdl.org/stump. Don’t forget to subscribe to our podcast via https://stumpthelibrarian.podbean.com/ or wherever you prefer to listen so you never miss an episode. You can also reach us with your questions or fan mail by email at Stumpthelibrarian@kdl.org. 

Interested in learning and exploring more about this episode's curious questions?  You can always use any of the databases KDL has to offer with your library card. Just go to https://kdl.org/online-resources/ to find the best database for more information on the answer to your question! And don’t forget the books! Our catalog is full of amazing books that are filled with fascinating information. Just visit https://kdl.bibliocommons.com/ to search for your next great nonfiction read! 

 

Concerning lungfish... 

Editorial Staff | March 29, 2016 T. A. & E. L. H. and D. (2016, March 29). A fish with a LUNG? Meet Granddad. American Lung Association. https://www.lung.org/blog/a-fish-with-a-lung-granddad. 

Geggel, L. (2015, September 15). Ancient human-size fish breathed with lungs. LiveScience. https://www.livescience.com/52178-ancient-fish-lung-development.html. 

Shedd Aquarium. (2017, February 7). Shedd Aquarium Mourns Loss of World‘s Oldest Aquarium Fish. Shedd Aquarium. https://www.sheddaquarium.org/about-shedd/press-releases/shedd-aquarium-mourns-loss-of-world-s-oldest-aquarium-fish. 

Weitzman, S. H. (n.d.). The respiratory system. Encyclopædia Britannica. https://www.britannica.com/animal/fish/The-respiratory-system. 

 

Concerning jams & jellies... 

Encyclopædia Britannica, inc. (n.d.). What's the difference between jam, jelly, and preserves? Encyclopædia Britannica. https://www.britannica.com/story/whats-the-difference-between-jam-jelly-and-preserves 

Lemm, E. (n.d.). Do you know the difference between Jam, Jelly, and Marmalade? The Spruce Eats. https://www.thespruceeats.com/difference-between-jelly-jam-and-marmalade-435612 

MasterClass. (2021, August 10). What's the difference BETWEEN JAM, jelly, and Marmalade? - 2021. MasterClass. https://www.masterclass.com/articles/whats-the-difference-between-jam-jelly-and-marmalade#so-what-is-the-difference-between-jam-jelly-and-marmalade 

Roman, A. (n.d.). How to make jam. The New York Times. https://cooking.nytimes.com/guides/45-how-to-make-jam. 

 

Concerning powerlines & cables... 

https://www.aep.com/assets/docs/safety/What%27s%20on%20Pole_AEP.pdf 

Gołębiowska, I., & Dutkiewicz, M. (2017). The effectiveness of vibration damper attached to the cable due to wind action. EPJ Web of Conferences143, 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1051/epjconf/201714302029 

 

Why is the 4th Episode of Stump the Librarian called “Body Surfing Hippos??” Well, you’ll have to listen to your friendly neighborhood librarians, Emily and Courtnei as well as the librarian behind the curtain Jill to find out! Join us this episode to hear the answers to three amazing questions. “Who is the person who has lived the longest?” “Do pigs go in ponds?” and “How long does it take lemons to go bad after being picked?”

In this episode, Emily explores animals who swim, Courtnei thinks about old age, and Jill shows why research helps with baking. And don’t forget to join us every other Wednesday as we try to answer your curious questions and see if it’s possible to stump a librarian! You can submit a question via http://kdl.org/stump. We would love to hear what questions are on your minds! Don’t forget to subscribe to our podcast wherever you prefer to listen so you never miss an episode. You can also reach us by email at Stumpthelibrarian@kdl.org.  

Interested in learning and exploring more about this episode's curious questions?  You can always use any of the databases KDL has to offer with your library card. Just go to https://kdl.org/online-resources/ to find the best database for more information on the answer to your question! And don’t forget the books! Our catalog is full of amazing books that are filled with fascinating information. Just visit https://kdl.bibliocommons.com/ to search for your next great nonfiction read! 

 

Concerning living... 

Eckart, Kim. (2021, July 1). How Long Can a Person Live? The 221st Century May See a Record Breaker. University of Washington. https://www.washington.edu/news/2021/07/01/how-long-can-a-person-live-the-21st-century-may-see-a-record-breaker/ 

Willingham, Emily. (2021, May 25). Humans Could Live Up to 150 Years, New research Suggests. Scientific American. https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/humans-could-live-up-to-150-years-new-research-suggests/ 

Concerning pigs... 

(n.d.). The Evolution of Whales. Understanding Evolution https://evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/article/evograms_03

Britt, Robert Roy. (2004, January 19). Unlikely Cousins Whales and Hippos. Live Science. 

https://www.livescience.com/102-cousins-whales-hippos.html 

University of Calgary. (2009, March 19). Is The Hippopotamus The Closest Living Relative To The  Whale?. ScienceDaily.  www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/03/090318153803.htm

Baron, David. (2012, February 7). Surfing Hippos, Lacking Tourists. BBC World News. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-16686544?piano-modal 

Rom. (2017, August 24). Hippos and Whales, Unlikely Cousins. Royal Ontario Museum. https://www.rom.on.ca/en/blog/hippos-and-whales-unlikely-cousins 

Twowheelednomad. (2017, July 22). Are Whales Like Hippos? Juneau Whale Watch. https://www.juneauwhalewatch.com/whales-like-hippos/ 

Mukherjee, S., Appel, A., Duckworth, J.W., Sanderson, J., Dahal, S., Willcox, D.H.A., Herranz Muñoz, V., Malla, G., Ratnayaka, A., Kantimahanti, M., Thudugala, A., Thaung, R. & Rahman, H. 2016. Prionailurus viverrinusThe IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T18150A50662615. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T18150A50662615.en

 

Concerning lemons... 

Encyclopædia Britannica. (n.d.). Lemon. Britannica School. Retrieved July 27, 2021, from https://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/lemon/47727 

 

Stump the Librarian Episode 3 – Do Not Eat the Nuclear Pasta 

The curious librarians of KDL’s Stump the Librarian Podcast are back with a third episode filled with quizzical questions and interesting information. In this episode, our librarians talk about all things related to that mystical peculiar place we like to call Outer Space. Join us as we ponder if life may exist outside of planet Earth and what that life may look like, how many planets there are in the entire universe, and what the hardest rock of all is (f it’s even a rock). Did these questions stump our librarians? Well, you’ll have to listen to the podcast to find out!  

You can find a new episode of Stump the Librarian every other Wednesday morning at https://stumpthelibrarian.podbean.com/ or wherever you listen to podcasts! Make sure you subscribe so you never miss an exciting episode. If you have a curious question that you would like us to answer you can submit it via at https://kdl.org/stump-the-librarian/

 

Concerning rocks... 

Daley, J. (2018, September 20). The universe's strongest material is a cosmic lasagna. Smithsonian.com. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/universes-strongest-material-cosmic-lasagna-180970358/#:~:text=A%20new%20study%20suggests%20that,billion%20times%20stronger%20than%20steel&text=Humans%20have%20looked%20for%20harder,steel%2C%20composites%20and%20now%20graphene.&text=Just%20like%20campfires%20and%20goldfish%2C%20stars%20eventually%20die. 

King, H. M. (n.d.). Mohs hardness scale. Geology and Earth Science News and Information. https://geology.com/minerals/mohs-hardness-scale.shtml. 

Nuclear pasta, the hardest known substance in the universe. Newsroom. (2018, September 28). https://www.mcgill.ca/newsroom/channels/news/nuclear-pasta-hardest-known-substance-universe-289729. 

 

Concerning life in space... 

Howells, K. (n.d.). Life on Mars: Your questions answered. The Planetary Society. https://www.planetary.org/articles/life-on-mars-your-questions-answered. 

NASA. (2021, April 2). What is an Exoplanet? NASA. https://exoplanets.nasa.gov/what-is-an-exoplanet/overview/. 

 

Concerning the number of planets... 

NASA. (2019, June 26). Exploration. NASA. https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/solar-system/beyond/exploration/?page=0&per_page=10&order=launch_date%2Bdesc%2Ctitle%2Basc&search=&tags=Beyond%2BOur%2BSolar%2BSystem&category=33. 

 

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